Journal of Regional Section of Serbian Medical Association in Zajecar
Year 2005     Volumen 30     Number 1
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UDK 616.379-008.64 ISSN 0350-2899, 30(2005) 1 p. 17-22
Original paper

Diabetes Mellitus - How much do the patients know about their disease

Slađana Jovanović, Marija Bogdanović-Živkov
Zdravstveni centar Zaječar, Služba opšte medicine



  Summary: Diabetes mellitus demands continuous health care and educational work with the patients. The General Practice Service plays an important role in that work. The aim of this research is to determine the impact of health care and educational work on the patients’ knowledge about their disease. This study is based on the results of a questionnaire that has been conducted on 191 patients suffering from diabetes. About three fourths of the tested patients do know that obesity aggravate diabetes, and more than half of them can list true causes leading to excessive weight. Specially prepared food is always used by about 30% of tested patients of all ages, and 42% has four meals per day. 70% of them think that they have normal weight or slightly more than normal. The majority of the tested patients is quite aware that nervous tension aggravates diabetes (86.7%), and that physi¬cal activity is beneficial for the patient (87%). Practically all of our patients (97.7%) have received written instructions about nutrition and physical activity, and 86.7% of them get satisfactory advices and instructions from their physicians. Four fifths of the tested patients can recognize sudden drop of blood glucose, and 86% will take some sugar in such a situation. Almost all of them know that it is important to treat diabetes "properly", and three fourths provide correct answers to the question: What does it mean to treat diabetes "properly"? The average amount of glucose in the blood per year is higher than 8.1 mmol/l for 74.35% of the tested patients. This fact indicates that the disease has been poorly controlled, in spite of the patients’ good knowledge of the disease which has been confirmed by the questionnaire. Therefore there should be more educations for the patients until they start behaving according to what they have learnt.
Key words: diabetes mellitus, health care educational work, general practice, blood glucose

Note: full text in Serbian
Napomena: kompletan tekst rada na srpskom jeziku

  Corresponding Address:
Slađana Jovanović
Negotinska 2a, 19000 Zaječar
  Paper received: 07.12.2004.
Paper accepted: 18.01.2005.
Published online: 30.04.2005.
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