Journal of Regional Section of Serbian Medical Association in Zajecar
Year 2005     Volumen 30     Number 2
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UDK: 613.292 ISSN 0350-2899, 30(2005) 2 p.78-81
Case report

Cardiac arrest in asthmatic patient after consummation guarana

Slađana Anđelić, Vlada Tamburkovski, Nataša Cimbaljević, Dušanka Žegarac
Gradski zavod za hitnu medicinsku pomoć, Beograd



  Summary: Many people do wrongly believe that, being natural, all herbs and foods are safe for consumption. Very often, herbs and food may interact with drugs you take as your regular therapy, which can result in serious undesirable reactions. Some dietary products increase the risk of side effects. Theophylline, a drug that is used to treat asthma, contains xanthines, which is also found in tea, coffee, chocolate, and other sources of caffeine. Consumption of large quantities of these substances, while taking theophylline, increases the risk of drug toxicity. We describe a 17-year-old boy with pre-existing asthma, who developed ventricular fibrillation after consuming Guarana ‘energy drink’ with a high caffeine level. This case highlights the need for adequate labelling and regulation of such products.
Key words: energy drink, guarana, caffeine, theophylline, interaction, drug toxicity

Note: full text in Serbian
Napomena: kompletan tekst rada na srpskom jeziku

  Corresponding Address:
Slađana Anđelic
Ul. Aleksinačkih rudara 25/4, 11070 Novi Beograd
  Paper received: 30. 06. 2003.
Paper accepted: 28. 07. 2005.
Published online: 20. 08. 2005.
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