Journal of Regional Section of Serbian Medical Association in Zajecar

Year 2007     Volumen 32     Number 2-3
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UDK 616.194-055.26 ISSN 0350-2899, 32(2007) br.2-3 p.88-91
Original paper

Importance of Socio-economic Parameters for the appearance of Anaemia in Pregnancy and the Influence of Mother’s Anaemia on the Newborn’s Vitality

Dragan Perišić (1), Dragoslav Kalinović (2), Slavka Đorđević (1), Tomislav Pejović (1)
(1) Zdravstveni centar, Gornji Milanovac, (2) Zdravstveni centar, Zaječar



Introduction: Anaemia is one of the most common complications in pregnancy. Both the type and the degree of anaemia in pregnant women depend on several factors such as nutrition, living conditions, socio-economic family status. Mild anaemias usually come to an end in sub-clinical form without any particular problems. The symptoms of severe anaemias are enhanced pallor, weakness, lost of appetite, chronic exhaustion and drowsiness. Objective: According to the parameters such as age of pregnant women, their profession, place of living, and number of previous pregnancies, we wanted to compare the group of pregnant women diagnosed with anaemia with the control group (with no anaemic diagnosis) in order to estimate the importance of anaemia on the newborn’s vitality. Methods: In the experimental group there were 221 pregnant women with confirmed anaemia in the second trimester of pregnancy. Criteria for anaemia in pregnancy according to the American Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) were the following: Er< 3.7 x 10¹²/µL, Hg<110 g/l, Hct <33 %, serum Fe<11 μ mol/ l. In the control group there were 100 women without anaemia. Both groups consisted of pregnant women that delivered their babies at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the Medical Centre in Gornji Milanovac during 2002. Results: The average age of pregnant women with anaemia was 28.8 years. The majority of them were employed (83), mostly primiparae (101), living in urban areas (102). The vitality of their newborns was 10% lower than in newborns of mothers without anaemia who were slightly older, mostly employed and primiparae, living in both urban and suburban areas. Conclusion: Although the analysis of obtained results for the observed parameters showed that there was no statistically significant difference, it did prove that in pregnant women with severe anaemia Hg<90 g/l the vitality of newborns was significantly lower than in newborns of mothers without anaemia. Consequently, every anaemic pregnant woman should be diagnosed in due time and treated accordingly.
Key words: anaemia, social status, newborn’s vitality

: kompletan tekst na srpskom jeziku
Note: full text in Serbian
  Corresponding Address:
Dragan Perišić
Zdravstveni centar, Gornji Milanovac
Vojvode Milana br. 37, 32 300 Gornji Milanovac
e-mail: perisic@Eunet.yu 

Rad primljen: 1. 7. 2007.
Rad prihvaćen: 24. 8. 2007.
Elektronska verzija objavljena: 19. 10. 1007.
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