|UDK: 616.988:578.828]:615.381; 616.155-07||ISSN 0350-2899, 30(2005) 2 p.68-71|
Volunteer's blood testing on AIDS
Ivanka Milošević Manojlović, Dragana Ćirić, Dragan Glišić
|Summary: In order to prepare safe blood
for transfusion, in Serbia blood is tested for disease agents that could
be transmitted by blood transfusion. These are AIDS virus, hepatitis B and
C viruses, Treponema Pallidum. We have shown the results of a
several-year-long testing of blood for AIDS virus. 52,295 units of
volunteered blood were tested from 1997 to 2004. The EIA tests of the
first, second and third generation of different manufacturers were used.
355 (0,68%) blood units were preliminary virus-positive, with positive
results for the virus confirmed in 2 cases (0,0003%), while other blood
units did not react. All preliminary positive blood units were tested
several times using EIA tests of different manufacturers, and for the
units that reacted, the Western Blot test was used for confirmation. Only
undoubtedly negative blood units were later on used in transfusion and
treatment of patients, while all preliminary positive blood units were
destroyed. The prevention of all the diseases that can be transmitted by
blood transfusion, including AIDS, starts with a good choice of a donor
and good laboratory practices with the use of the most advanced tests for
detection of disease agents.
Key words: blood testing, AIDS virus
Ivanka Milošević Manojlović
Ivana Kovačića 7, 19000 Zaječar
Paper received: 11. 03. 2005.
Paper accepted: 02. 07. 2005.
Published online: 20. 08. 2005.
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