Journal of Regional Section of Serbian Medical Association in Zajecar

Year 2015     Vol 40     No 2
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      UDK 617.52-089.844"2005/2014"
COBISS.SR-ID 216888588

ISSN 0350-2899. - Vol. 40, No. 2 (2015),
pp. 113-119.

Original paper

Face transplantation - surgery and art 2 in 1
Transplantacija lica – hirurgija i umetnost 2 u 1

Vladimir Davidović, Vladimir Veselinov
Opšta bolnica Kikinda


  Download in pdf format   Summary:
Introduction: Face transplantation is a surgical procedure to transplant all or part of the face. The procedure is complex and is indicated in patients when standard reconstructive surgery cannot give the desired effect. Professor Peter Butler first propounded this procedure in 2002. Objective: To show that face transplantation represents humanly applied art. Patients and methods: Between November 2005 and January 2014, 30 face transplantations were performed in 7 different countries. All operations lasted from 8 to 36 hours and were performed by 30 surgeons of different specialties. Patients were postoperatively prescribed a lifelong immunosuppressive therapy. Hospitalisation took on average 10 to 14 days. Results: Complete face transplantation was successfully performed in 40% (12/30), partial in 50% (15/30) and 10% (3/30) died because of complications. the largest number of transplantations were done in France (10), followed by 7 in USA and Turkey, 3 in Spain, 1 in Belgium, China and Poland. The first successful partial face transplantation was performed in France in 2005 on a woman whose face was disfigured by her dog. The first successful full face transplantation was done in Spain in 2010 on a man who accidentally shot himself in the face. The most extensive full face transplantation was performed in USA in 2012 on a patient after an injury by a firearm. The patient was given a new face and a new jaw, teeth and tongue. Conclusion: The patient will neither look like before, nor as his/her donor, but like a combination of the donor and the recipient. The identity of the patient will remain the same. He will still have the same gestures, the same voice and the same look in the eye... That is the art of surgery!
Key words: surgery, art, transplantation, face

Napomena: kompletan tekst rada na srpskom jeziku
Note: full text in Serbian
      Corresponding Address:
Vladimir Davidović,
Petefi Šandora 8/11, 23300 Kikinda, Srbija.
Paper received: 3.6.2015
Paper accepted: 5.7.2015
Paper Internet issues: 21.8.2015
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Timočki medicinski glasnik, Zdravstveni centar Zaječar
Journal of Regional section of Serbian medical association in Zajecar
Rasadnička bb, 19000 Zaječar, Srbija

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