Journal of Regional Section of Serbian Medical Association in Zajecar

Year 2009     Vol 34     No 3-4
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      UDK 614.2:656.13.052.4

ISSN 0350-2899, 34(2009) Br.3-4 p.151-157

Original paper

Analysis of health reasons causing limited ability or loss of ability to drive a motor vehicle
(Analiza zdravstvenih razloga za ograničenje i gubitak sposobnosti za upravljanje motornim vozilom)

Žaklina Savić-Mitić (1), Dragiša Mitić (2)

(1) Zdravstveni centar Zaječar
(2) Zavod za javno zdravlje "Timok" Zaječar


Public health service plays an important part in the sphere of complex measures that should be taken in order to prevent traffic accidents in the so-called primary prevention of traffic accidents. First Degree and Second Degree Committees for evaluation of driving ability are authorized to give expert opinion on psychophysical abilities of drivers and candidates for drivers. The aim of the work is to analyse health reasons for both restricting and losing the ability of drivers and candidates for drivers to drive a motor vehicle who were both examined in the Health Care Centre Zaječar within the span of years from 2004 to 2008. We analysed the number of candidates who were able to drive a motor vehicle, those restrictively able and finally those temporarily or permanently unable. We also analysed medical reasons which had caused restrictive ability or disability. 11,892 persons were examined; 57.4% of the number were candidates for drivers and 42.6% were drivers. 82.3% were evaluated as able. 8.22% candidates for amateur drivers, 5.37% candidates for professional drivers, 38.4% amateur drivers and 9.6% professional drivers were evaluated as restrictively able. The others were temporarily or permanently unable. Time-restricted driving ability was in most cases caused by psychiatric and neurological diseases with both candidates for drivers and amateur drivers, while on the other hand the causes of time-restricted driving ability in professional drivers were heart and blood vessel diseases. The most frequent causes of both permanent and temporary disability to drive a motor vehicle were psychiatric and neurological diseases; the incidence was 100% in temporary disability and the percentage was lower in permanent disability. We came to a conclusion that, with the aim of increasing road safety, amateur drivers should be subjected to more frequent periodical examinations. Presenting certificates from medical records physicians - members of First Degree Committee, revealing of diseases causing driving disability would be improved. Better mutual cooperation of the public health service and other institutions such as Disability Board, Draftboard, working organizations and police would contribute to better health selection of drivers.
Key words: driving ability, medical examination, candidates for drivers, drivers

Napomena: kompletan tekst rada na srpskom jeziku
Note: full text in Serbian

      Corresponding Address:
Žaklina Savić-Mitić
Požarevačka 63/7
19000 Zaječar
Paper received: 23. 03. 2009.
Paper accepted: 30. 09. 2009.
Published online: 30. 01. 2010.
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Timočki medicinski glasnik, Zdravstveni centar Zaječar
Journal of Regional section of Serbian medical association in Zajecar
Rasadnička bb, 19000 Zaječar, Srbija

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