Journal of Regional Section of Serbian Medical Association in Zajecar

Year 2011     Vol 36     No 3
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      UDK 616.1-084 ; 613.97

ISSN 0350-2899, 36(2011) br.3 p.152-56

Original paper

Influence of physical activity, smoking and nutrition on hyperlipoproteinemia
among the population aging 20-40 in the Doljevac Municipality

(Uticaj fizičke aktivnosti, pušenja i načina ishrane - zastupljenost hiperlipoproteinemije populacije od 20 do 40 godina starosti na teritoriji opštine Doljevac)

Miloš Bogoslović (1), Milena Potić (2), Miljana Stanojković-Nikolić (3)
(1) Dom zdravlja Doljevac, (2) Institut za biomedicinska istraživanja, Medicinski fakultet Niš,
(3) Klinički centar Niš


INTRODUCTION. Hyperlipoproteinemia represents an increase in plasma levels of particles in the inter-related complexes. Hyperlipoproteinemia is an important risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. The primary method for treating elevated levels of cholesterol is nutrition modification, physical activity and body mass reduction. OBJECTIVE. To examine the impact of life habits of population aging 20 to 40 years in the Doljevac municipality on the lipid levels. METHOD. During October 2010 – December 2010 in the Health Care Centre Doljevac systematic examination of working population was performed. Blood analysis, measurement of Body Mass Index (BMI) and poll on life style was also performed. The study included 106 randomly selected people, 82 women and 24 men, aging between 20 to 40 years. RESULTS. Among the selected patients separated hypercholesterolemia had 72 (67.92%), hypertriglicidemia had 56 (52.83%) and combined hyperlipoproteinemia had
43 (40.57%). Sedentary life style was reported among 75 (70.75%) people, out of whom 51 had elevated cholesterol and 39 elevated triglycerides. BMI over 30 had 17 people. There were 54 (50.94%) smokers, out of which 38 had elevated cholesterol, and 27 had elevated triglycerides. When preparing food 41 (38.67%) people used oil, 30(28,30%) used animal fat and 35(33,01%) had combined diet. 27 examined people who used exclusively fat had elevated levels of cholesterol and 17 had elevated triglycerides. Among the ones using oil 21 had elevated cholesterol and 22 had elevated triglycerides. CONCLUSION. People who practiced physical activity every day had lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels than those who did not. There were more were smokers with a higher concentration of lipids. There were more people using animal fat exclusively for food preparation with increased values of cholesterol in blood than those who used plant oil. It is necessary to influence life habits of population in primary care in order to reduce risk factors for cardio vascular diseases.
Key words: hyperlipoproteinemia, physical activity, smoking, nutrition

Napomena: kompletan tekst rada na srpskom jeziku
Note: full text in Serbian

      Corresponding Address:
Miloš Bogoslović
Dom zdravlja Doljevac
Tel: 0638459644
Paper received: 14.03.2011
Paper accepted: 12.04.2011
Paper Internet issues: 17.12.2011
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Timočki medicinski glasnik, Zdravstveni centar Zaječar
Journal of Regional section of Serbian medical association in Zajecar
Rasadnička bb, 19000 Zaječar, Srbija

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