Journal of Regional Section of Serbian Medical Association in Zajecar

Year 2012     Vol 37     No 3
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      UDK 616-007-053.2(497.11)"2000/2011"

ISSN 035-2899, 37(2012) br.3 p.165-168

Original paper

Congenital malformations in the population of children born between the years 2000 and 2011 in Bela Palanka
Urođene mane u dečjoj populaciji na teritoriji opštine Bela Palanka od 2000-2011. godine

Miljana Mladenović-Petrović, Verica Pavlović
Dom zdravlja Bela Palanka, Služba za zdravstvenu zaštitu dece, školske dece i omladine


Introduction: Congenital malformations are disbalance between the normal form and function, which are detected on the day of birth. As regards the size, there are two groups of these malformations, the big (lat. maior) and the small (lat. minor). The aetiology of these diseases is usually unknown (in about 40-60%). Etiological factors are also known as teratogenic factors, and they can act from inside out (endogen teratogens) and from outside out (exogen teratogens). Every organ in the human body can be affected. Many kinds of medical specialists must prevent this kind of a disease. Therefore, prevention is very important. Objectives: the aim o this study was to discover the prevalence of congenital malformations in the population of children, and to point at the importance of prevention, early diagnostic and therapeutic treatment. Material and methods: the survey was made in the Health Care Centre, Bela Palanka, at the department for kids, school kids and student during March 2012. The data was collected from the health care records of kid who had been born in the period 2000-2001. They were grouped according to gender and age. The results were graphically presented. The diagnosed innate disabilities were labelled with a code according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD, X revision) Microsoft Excel 2007 was used for data processing and displaying. Results: We found out that during the observed period 1,134 children were born - 579 boys (51.05%) and 555 girls (48.94%). Of this number, 122 (10.75%) were born with some kind of congenital malformation. The following organ incidence was calculated: innate malformations of the nervous system were present in 4 children, which makes 3.27% of total malformations in the children. Innate malformations of the eye, ear, face, neck were present in the same proportion (3.27%). 10.65% of total abnormalities go to the malformations of blood circulation. The malformation of the locomotor system were the most common (50.82%). Conclusion: Our findings have showed the prevalence of innate anomalies in our municipality. The incidence of these anomalies can help in further work, planning of health and educational work of paediatrics, gynaecologists and general practitioners in the sense that they could point out all teratogene factors that could endanger pregnant women and their embryos/babies. The research can help in the improvement of old and introduction of new, more accurate methods for early detection of anomalies, all of which aim at earlier treatment and rehabilitation of patients.
Kay words: congenital malformations, prevalence

Napomena: kompletan tekst rada na srpskom jeziku
Note: full text in Serbian
      Corresponding Address:
Miljana Mladenović- Petrović
Dom Zdravlja Bela Palanka,
Služba za zdravstvenu zaštitu dece,
školske dece i omladine
Ul. Branislava Nušića bb
18310 Bela Palanka
Paper received: 08.4.2012
Paper accepted: 19.5.2012
Paper Internet issues: 27.12.2012

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Timočki medicinski glasnik, Zdravstveni centar Zaječar
Journal of Regional section of Serbian medical association in Zajecar
Rasadnička bb, 19000 Zaječar, Srbija

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