Journal of Regional Section of Serbian Medical Association in Zajecar

Year 2013     Vol 38     No 1
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      UDK 618.5-053.6(497.11)"2002/2011"

ISSN 035-2899, 38(2013) br.1 p.11-20

Original paper

Frequency of adolescent birth with regard to their national and social origin
Učestalost porođaja adolescentkinja s obzirom na njihovo nacionalno i socijalno poreklo

Marina J. Janjić (1), Zoran J. Janjić (2)



The aim of the research is to determine the number and manner of adolescent deliveries at the Gynecology and Obstetrics Department of Vranje, over a ten-year period, their frequency with respect to the total number of births, to the national, urban or rural background, to the parity, marital status and age of the adolescent females. Material and methods: a retrospective analysis included the data obtained from adolescent patients’ birth protocols who were laboured at the Gynecology and Obstetrics Department of Vranje, over the period of ten years (2002–2011). The data were presented and analyzed by a calendar year as well as within the total number of adolescent births. The obtained results were presented by means of tables and graphs and were ex-pressed numerically. Results: the research conducted for the period 2002–2011 showed a steady fall in the num-ber of laboured adolescents and the frequency of 3.52%. Most adolescents, 595 (87.89%), gave birth by vaginal delivery, while 82 (12.11%), i.e. seven times less, delivered by Caesarean section. As regards adolescents, the smallest number of Caesarean sections was 2 (2.63%) in 2003 and the largest 15 (20.83%) in 2006. Of the total number of adolescent mothers 330 (48.75%) were Roma, 295 (43.57%) Serbs and 52 (7.68%) Albanians. The decline in the number of adolescent births was most notable in Serbian adolescents – the largest number, 49 (52.12%), was in 2002 and the lowest - 16 (30.77%) in 2011, while the highest number of Albanian adolescent females – 9 (17.31%) in 2008 and the smallest - 1 (1.45%) was in 2004. The number of births increased with the age of patients: 15 (2.21%) were 14 years old, 32 (4.73%) were 15, 97 (14.33%) were 16, 205 (30,28%) were 17 and 327 (48.30%) were 18. The most prevalent (82.13%) were adolescent primiparae. The total number of delivered adolescents in urban and rural areas was approximate. The largest number of children, 582 (86.85%), was born as eutrophic and as many as 614 (90.70%) babies were assessed with Apgar score between 7 and 10. Conclusion: our study showed reduction in the number of laboured adolescent females, of which most were in the age group between 16 and 18. The most prevalent were primiparous married females of Roma ethnicity and urban origin and the most common was vaginal delivery. The largest number of babies was born within term, eutrophic, with high Apgar score.
Key words: adolescent females, delivery, frequency, ethnicity, social and economic status

Napomena: kompletan tekst rada na srpskom jeziku
Note: full text in Serbian
      Corresponding Address:
Marina J. Janjić,
Ginekološko-akušersko odeljenje,
Zdravstveni centar Vranje,
Jovana Jankovića Lunge bb, 17500 Vranje, Srbija;
Paper received: 30. 9. 2012
Paper accepted: 29. 12. 2012
Paper Internet issues: 15. 7. 2013
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Timočki medicinski glasnik, Zdravstveni centar Zaječar
Journal of Regional section of Serbian medical association in Zajecar
Rasadnička bb, 19000 Zaječar, Srbija

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