Journal of Regional Section of Serbian Medical Association in Zajecar

Year 2013     Vol 38     No 4
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      UDK 617.7-007.681-053.2

ISSN 035-2899, 38(2013) br.4 p.170-173

Original paper

Epidemiological study of patients with primary juvenile glaucoma
(Epidemiološka studija pacijenata sa primarnim juvenilnim glaukomom)

Mirjana A. Janićijević-Petrović (1), Katarina Janićijević (2), Marko Petrović (2),
Andrijana Popović (2)




  Download in pdf format   Summary:
Introduction The analysis of epidemiological data of juvenile glaucoma shows a rare disease, with a tendency of increase. Aim The aim was to describe and analyze the epidemiological data of juvenile glaucoma in a population of patients who gravitate to Clinic of Ophthalmology, Clinical Centre of Kragujevac in central Serbia. Method A three-year retrospective study included epidemiological data from standard protocols for monitoring patients with glaucoma, from January 2010, to January 2013. Parameters were analyzed: gender, age and family history of patients with juvenile and suspect juvenile glaucoma. Results The incidence of primary juvenile glaucoma was 0.20 per 100.000 patients. Based on the diagnostic criteria of 36 patients (15 to 30 years of age) was given in a period recorded with primary juvenile and suspected juvenile glaucoma. Of 36 patients, who according to the diagnostic criteria, 20 had juvenile glaucoma (55.55 %) were female and 16 (44.44 %) were men. Difference between the incidence of juvenile glaucoma by sex was statistically non-significant (χ² = 0.444, p = 0.505). The most common age group was 26 - 30 years, predominantly 12 (33.33 %) diagnosed of juvenile glaucoma compared 2 (5.55 %) with suspected juvenile glaucoma with the statistically significant difference (χ ² = 7.523, p = 0.027). The correlation between the number of diagnosed and the number of suspected juvenile glaucoma was not statistically significant (χ ² = 0.051, p = 0.821). Correlation half with a positive (27, 75%) and a negative (9, 25%) family anamnesis of juvenile glaucoma was statistical significant (χ²=9.00, p=0.003). Conclusion The incidence of primary juvenile glaucoma was low. Juvenile glaucoma is a clinical entity that is related to the age of 15 to 30 years. The incidence of the disease is highest in the age group of 26 to 30 years. During the reporting period, juvenile glaucoma and suspect juvenile glaucoma are rare, with a tendency to increase. Juvenile glaucoma is more common in people with a positive family history.
Keywords: juvenile glaucoma, suspect juvenile glaucoma, gender, age, family history

Napomena: kompletan tekst rada na srpskom jeziku
Note: full text in Serbian
      Corresponding Address:
Mirjana A. Janićijević-Petrović,
Klinika za oftalmologiju; Klinički centar Kragujevac; Ul. Zmaj Jovina 30; 34000 Kragujevac; Srbija;
Paper received: 6.12.2013
Paper accepted: 10.12.2013
Paper Internet issues: 14.3.2013
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Timočki medicinski glasnik, Zdravstveni centar Zaječar
Journal of Regional section of Serbian medical association in Zajecar
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